Infectious diseases, which are caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi, account for 25 percent of all deaths worldwide, including two-thirds of deaths amongst children up to five years of age. They have remained a sustained threat, in part, because of the increased movement and concentration of people and products in our rapidly globalising and urbanising world, decreasing vaccination rates in some counties, as well as the rapid adaptation of microorganisms. So, while some infectious diseases, such as polio, were once thought to be on the verge of eradication, new cases continuously crop up. And, as a result of antibiotic resistance, treatments for malaria and tuberculosis are becoming less effective and, in some cases, even obsolete.
To combat infectious diseases, Health Action International advocates for increased research and advocacy around affordable access to medicines to treat them. We support needs-driven research and development for new infectious disease medicines, including antibiotics, and call for more rational use of medicines and greater transparency of the medicines pipeline.
For more information on our work in this area, visit these areas of our site: