More than 38 million people die every year from non-communicable diseases (NCDs), particularly chronic respiratory disease, cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. Despite the growing number of cases in all regions of the world, NCDs kill more people in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) than anywhere else. In fact, approximately 80 percent of NCD deaths occur in these countries.
Infectious diseases, which are caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi, account for 25 percent of all deaths worldwide, including two-thirds of deaths amongst children up to five years of age. They have remained a sustained threat, in part, because of the increased movement and concentration of people and products in our rapidly globalising and urbanising world,
Antibiotics and similar medicines, collectively called antimicrobials, have greatly reduced illness and death from bacterial infections for almost nine decades. But, as a result of increased use—and misuse—of these medicines, infectious organisms are adapting to them, making the medicines less effective, or completely ineffective.
Antimicrobial resistance, particularly antibiotic resistance, is one of the most pressing public health issues facing the global community.
To achieve good health, people must be able to exercise control over their own sexuality and reproduction. Despite this, many people, particularly those living in poverty in developing countries, are still unable to claim their human right to sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR).
Significant advances in SRHR have occurred globally in recent years,
Endemic in 149 countries, neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), such as dengue, Chagas disease and schistosomiasis, affect more than a billion people worldwide, particularly in the poorest areas. Despite the fact that about 50 million people die from an NTD every year, much of the NTD disease burden stems from disability rather than death. In fact,